Date of text
Sabin Center
Reference number
Climate Change

The case arose with regard to Ukraine’s true-up period report after the first commitment period under the Protocol. The first question of implementation was triggered by the late submission of this report, and the inconsistencies between information in the report and the transaction log maintained by the secretariat. The second question was regarding Ukraine’s emission reduction targets. It was found that Ukraine did not retire sufficient units to cover its total greenhouse gas emissions as required under the Kyoto Protocol. Consequently, on 7 September 2016 the enforcement branch determined that Ukraine was not in formal compliance with Article 7 (paragraph 1 in conjunction with paragraph 4) of the Kyoto Protocol. Ukraine was required to submit a compliance implementation plan.

In December 2016, Ukraine submitted a plan to address the non-compliance. In March 2017 and July 2017, Ukraine submitted the progress reports. In July 2017, Ukraine also revised its true-up report for the first commitment period. Subsequently, on 6 September 2017 the enforcement branch considered the report submitted by Ukraine and concluded that there no longer continues to be a question of implementation.

Key environmental legal questions

Ukraine’s failure to establish a true-up period report demonstrating compliance with the Kyoto Protocol