On April 26, 2010, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the InterAmerican Commission” or “the Commission”) submitted to the Court, under the provisions of Articles 51 and 61 of the Convention, an application against the Republic of Ecuador (hereinafter “the State” or “Ecuador”) in relation to case No. 12,465. The initial petition was lodged before the Commission on December 19, 2003, by the Association of the Kichwa People of Sarayaku (Tayjasaruta), the Centro de Derechos Económicos y Sociales (hereinafter “CDES”) and the Center for Justice and International Law (hereinafter “CEJIL”). On October 13, 2004, the Commission approved Admissibility Report No. 62/04, 2 declaring the case admissible. On December 18, 2009, the Commission approved Report on Merits No. 138/09, 3 under Article 50 of the Convention.