Title in original language
北海市乃志海洋科技有限公司诉北海市海洋与渔业局海洋行政处罚案
Original language

Chinese, Simplified

Country
China
Date of text
Court name
The High People's Court of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (广西壮族自治区高级人民法院)
Reference number
(2018) Gui Xing Zhong No. 1163 ((2018)桂行终1163号)
Tagging
Administrative, Land Use, Marine and Freshwater
Justice(s)
Judge ZHANG Hui
Judge JIANG Xinjiang
Judge XIONG Mei
Abstract

Facts

From July 2016 to September 2016, Beihai Naizhi Marine Science and Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "Naizhi Company") without obtaining the right to use the sea area in accordance with the law, used machineries and vehicles to transport soil, construction waste from outside to a coastal vacant land leased by Naizhi Company (actually marine mudflat), leveled the site, constructed a temporary wharf, formed a land, and was ready to build a refrigeration plant. In October 2017, the Beihai Marine and Fisheries Bureau (hereinafter referred to as "Beihai Marine Fisheries Bureau") filed a case against the reclamation activities after investigation and measured that the sea area reclaimed by Naizhi Company was 0.38 hectares. The Beihai Marine Fisheries Bureau found that Naizhi Company's acts of land reclamation and occupation of the sea area was illegal after hearing the Naizhi Company's representations, defenses, and conducting two joint hearings. In April 2018, it gave Naizhi Company an administrative penalty, and Naizhi Company was ordered to return the illegally occupied sea area, restore the sea area to its original conditions, and pay a fine of 2,567,700 Yuan, 15 times of the fee for using the sea area during the period of illegal occupation of the sea area.. Naizhi Company refused to accept the penalty, and filed an administrative lawsuit, and claimed that the decision on administrative penalty should be revoked.

Judgment

In the trial of first instance, the Beihai Maritime Court held that the Beihai Marine Fisheries Bureau has the authority of giving a maritime administrative penalty. Naizhi Company conducted land reclamation activities without obtaining the right to use the sea area, and illegally occupied 0.38 hectares of the sea area, which is in violation of Article 42 of the Law on the Management of Sea Area Use of the People's Republic of China. The decision of Beihai Marine Fisheries Bureau to impose the administrative penalty was correct. The Court entered a judgment of first instance to dismiss the claims of Naizhi Company. In the trial of second instance, the Guangxi Zhuang High People's Court affirmed the original judgment.

基本案情

20167月至9月,北海市乃志海洋科技有限公司(以下简称乃志公司)在未依法取得海域使用权的情形下,对其租赁的海边空地(实为海滩涂)利用机械和车辆从外运来泥土、建筑废料进行场地平整,建设临时码头,形成陆域,准备建设冷冻厂。201710月,北海市海洋与渔业局(以下简称北海海洋渔业局)对该围填海施工行为进行立案查处,测定乃志公司填占海域面积为0.38公顷。经听取乃志公司陈述申辩意见,召开听证会,并经两次会审,北海海洋渔业局认定乃志公司填占海域行为违法,于20184月作出行政处罚,责令乃志公司退还非法占用海域,恢复海域原状,并处非法占用海域期间内该海域面积应缴纳海域使用金十五倍计256.77万元的罚款。乃志公司不服,提起行政诉讼,请求撤销该行政处罚决定。

裁判结果

北海海事法院一审认为,北海海洋渔业局享有海洋行政处罚职权,乃志公司在未取得海域使用权的情况下,实施围海、填海活动,非法占用海域0.38公顷,违反《海域使用管理法》第四十二条的规定,北海海洋渔业局作出的行政处罚决定正确。一审判决驳回乃志公司的诉讼请求。广西壮族自治区高级人民法院二审维持原判。

Key environmental legal questions

Implications

This case is a maritime administrative penalty case involving illegal land reclamation. With the development of China's marine economy and the improvement of people's living standards, the demand for marine use for enterprises in marine industry and individuals is increasing rapidly. Some enterprises and individuals illegally reclaim land and occupy or even fill sea areas without obtaining the right to use the sea aera, which seriously affects marine ecological environment protection and local sustainable development. China has long coastlines, and there are many problems in the administration of illegal sea use, such as "difficult to investigate", "hard to punish" and "difficult to enforce". The handling of this case has an exemplary role in determining the subject of illegal reclamation, due process of punishment and exercise of discretion. This fully demonstrates the resolution of the people's court to apply the strictest system and rule of law to protect the national coastlines and the ecological security of the marine environment, and has active significance for advancing legal use and administration of sea areas.

典型意义

本案系涉非法围填海的海洋行政处罚案件。随着我国海洋经济的发展和人民生活水平的提高,从事海洋产业的单位和个人的用海需求迅速增长。部分企业和个人在未获得海域使用权的情况下,非法围海、占海甚至填海,对海洋生态环境保护和地方可持续发展造成严重影响。我国海岸线漫长,针对非法用海行为的行政管理存在“调查难”“处罚难”“执行难”等问题。本案的处理对非法围填海的主体认定、处罚正当程序及自由裁量权行使等均具有示范作用,充分表明人民法院坚持用最严格制度最严密法治保护国家海岸线和海洋环境生态安全的决心,对于推进依法用海、管海具有积极意义。