In August 2014, in the transport of 250 tons of giant clam shells by the transport ship "Ye Feng 616" owned by Hainan Lingao Yinghai Shipping Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "Yinghai Company"), such giant clam shells were seized by the Third Coast Guard Brigade of Hainan Province, which escorted and transferred the ship to the Fisheries Administration Squad of Sansha City for handling. It was appraised that 98% of the aforesaid shells were aquatic wild animals under Grade I national protection and 2% of them were aquatic wild animals under Grade II national protection, with the total price of 373,500 Yuan. In February 2018, the Fisheries Administration Squad of Sansha City issued to Yinghai Company an administrative penalty, confiscated 250 tons of giant clam shells, and imposed a fine of 1,120,500 Yuan, three times of the actual value of the shells involved in the case, on Yinghai Company. Yinghai Company refused to accept the administrative penalty, filed an administrative lawsuit, and claimed that the decision on administrative penalty should be set aside.
In the trial of first instance, the Haikou Maritime Court held that the decision on administrative penalty issued by the Fisheries Administration Squad of Sansha City was correct and dismissed the claims of Yinghai Company. In the trial of second instance, the Hainan High People's Court applied Paragraph 3 of Article 7 of the Supreme People's Court on Several Issues concerning the Trial of the Relevant Cases Occurring in Maritime Space under the Jurisdiction of China (II) and invoked the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, determining that Hippopus hippopus involved in the case was "rare and endangered aquatic wild animals" provided in Article 2 of the Regulations on the Protection of Aquatic Wild Animals and Hippopus hippopus should enjoy equal protection as Tridacna gigas under Grade I national protection. Therefore, the Haikou Maritime Court confirmed that Hainan Lingao Yinghai Shipping Co., Ltd.'s transport of Tridacna gigas and Hippopus hippopus constituted illegal transport of rare and endangered aquatic wild animals. The Court upheld the administrative penalty issued by the Fisheries Administration Squad of Sansha City.
The place where the law enforcement agency seized the transport ship "Ye Feng 616" was in the surrounding waters to the north of Zhongjian Island, Sansha City and the Haikou Maritime Court exercised the jurisdiction. The giant clam shells involved are aquatic wild animals under Grade I and Grade II national protection. Through correct application of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and domestic laws and regulations, Chinese courts protected the living and dead species, produced and manufactured products of species in Annexes to the Convention equally and cracked down on all the links of illegal industrial chains destroying biological resources in an all-round way. The efforts of Chinese courts have vigorously maintained the law enforcement authority of the administrative agency and demonstrated the resolution of the judiciary and the administrative agency for jointly cracking down on illegal transport of aquatic wild animals under national protection and safeguarding the eco-environmental security of the Sansha sea waters.